Through ownership arrangements:
- Ownership of shares.
- Ownership of voting rights.
- Other ownership arrangements, e.g. nominees, trusts, joint ownership.
- The right to appoint/ remove the majority of directors in the company (or equivalent management body)
- Personal connections or contractual associations with individuals in management or Board positions
- Right to otherwise exert significant influence on the company’s activities, e.g. decision rights, voting rights, right to profit, etc